A lot of heat is one of the computer's worst enemies. Therefore, cooling the computer is of great importance for its performance. If your computer is overheating, you may experience errors, slow performance, and unexpected shutdowns. One of the most important components in your computer is the processor (CPU), so you need to monitor its temperature. This article will show you how to find out the temperature of your processor.
Method 1 of 3: BIOS
Step 1. Restart your computer
BIOS is a menu where you can adjust the basic settings of your computer. Most BIOS versions have a function for monitoring temperature sensors. You must enter BIOS when you boot your computer.
If you're on Windows 8, open the Shutdown menu, hold down the Shift key, and click Restart. This will take you to the boot menu where you can enter BIOS (motherboard settings (UEFI))
Step 2. Press the key to enter BIOS
The key varies depending on the manufacturer of the equipment. Typical keys are F2, F10 and Del. The required key will be displayed on the same screen with the manufacturer's logo.
If you do not press a key in time, your computer will load the operating system and you will have to start over
Step 3. Find the Hardware Monitor menu
Different BIOS versions will have different names for this menu. Some of the most common names are: H / W Monitor, Status, PC Health.
Step 4. Check the CPU temperature
The temperature limit for the processor will vary depending on the model, but it is usually required to keep the temperature under 75 ° C. Check your processor documentation to determine the exact temperature threshold.
Check the temperature of other components. When checking the temperature of the processor, check the temperature of other components in your computer. Most BIOS versions also show the temperature of the motherboard, the temperature of the video card, and possibly the temperature inside the computer case
Method 2 of 3: Using the program
Step 1. Install the hardware monitoring program
Most motherboards come with hardware monitoring software (look for such software on the installation disc or official websites). You can also download free programs that will read and display temperature readings. Popular programs include:
- Open Hardware Monitor
- Core Temp
- Real Temp
Step 2. Run the program
After downloading and installing the program, run it to get a reading of the computer's temperature. Most programs display temperature readings, fan speed, and voltage. Compare these readings with the recommended readings in your computer documentation.
Some programs require special access to computer settings
Method 3 of 3: Lower the CPU Temperature
Step 1. Clean your computer
Make sure all coolers and vents are free of dust. Open your computer and remove dust with compressed air. If air does not circulate inside the case, the temperature of the components rises.
Step 2. Change the thermal paste
Thermal grease is a substance that transfers heat from the processor to the heatsink. Over time, thermal grease loses its conductive properties. There are different opinions about how often you need to change thermal paste, but if the processor temperature is above normal, then this is the very first step to reduce it.
Do not use excessive amounts of thermal paste, as this will isolate the processor instead of dissipating heat away from it. A small drop of thermal paste, evenly distributed over the surface of the processor, is the most efficient way to use it
Step 3. Replace the heatsink and cooler
If your processor is constantly overheating, then the installed heatsink and cooler cannot cope with its cooling. Find a heatsink and cooler model that will best cool your processor.
Step 4. Install additional coolers on the case
If the air in the system unit circulates poorly, you may need to install additional coolers to improve air exchange. Cool air should be drawn in from the front and top of the cabinet, and hot air should exit from the back of the cabinet.
Step 5. Replace your hardware
Old components tend to overheat after extended use, and sometimes there is no other option but to replace them. If you need to replace the motherboard or processor, then most likely you will have to redo (update) the entire system.