"Crabs" or pubic lice are small insects that live in pubic hair. They are very easily transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. Sometimes pubic lice can be spread through close personal contact or through the use of clothing, bedding, or towels that an infected person has used.
Method 1 of 3: Diagnostics
Step 1. You should, first of all, know that crabs are pubic lice, 1, 1-1, 8 mm in length
Under the microscope, they look like crabs and do not seem at all like the lice that are found in the hair of the head and on the body.
Step 2. Examine yourself yourself
- Pubic lice is an infection, for the diagnosis of which one should look for "crabs" or larvae of lice on hair in the pubic region or, less often, in other places on the body (eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, mustache, armpits, perianal region, groin, trunk, hair head cover). Although pubic lice and nits may be large enough to be seen with the naked eye, you may still need a magnifying lens to find lice and larvae.
- Itching in the genital area is considered a typical symptom of infection.
- Symptoms usually appear 5-14 days after having sex with an infected person.
Method 2 of 3: Treatment
Step 1. Buy an over-the-counter head lice lotion from your pharmacy
- We recommend using an over-the-counter option: lice killing lotion containing 1% permethrin, or mousse containing pyrethrin and piperonyl butoxide. These drugs are safe and effective when used exactly as directed on the package or label.
- Lindane Shampoo is a prescription drug that can kill lice and their larvae. However, lindane is not recommended as a first-line therapy. Lindane can be toxic to the brain and other parts of the nervous system. It is usually prescribed only to those patients who have not been able to recover or cannot tolerate other drugs that pose a lower risk. Lindane should not be used to treat premature infants, people with epilepsy, pregnant or breastfeeding women, those with very sensitive skin or ulcers in the affected area where Lindane needs to be applied, infants, children, the elderly, and those weighing less than 50 kg.
Step 2. Wash the affected area and pat dry with a towel
Step 3. Carefully follow the directions on the package or label
Distribute the medicine carefully to pubic hairs and other affected areas. Leave the drug to act for the time indicated in the instructions. After the recommended time has passed, wash off the medication following the directions on the label or box.
Step 4. After treatment, most of the nits will still remain on the hair shafts
These nits can be removed with fingernails or a fine-toothed comb.
Step 5. Put on clean underwear and clothing after treatment
Step 6. Remove lice from dirty clothes
- To kill lice or nits left on clothes, towels, or bedding, machine wash and tumble dry items that the infected person has used for 2-3 days before starting treatment. Wash in hot water (at least 81 ° C) and hot dry.
- Items that cannot be washed can be dry cleaned or kept in sealed plastic packaging for up to 2 weeks.
Step 7. Connect with former sexual partners
You should warn all sex partners in the previous month that they are at risk of infection and need to be treated. Step 8. Refrain from sex.
Patients should avoid having sexual intercourse with their sexual partner until both of them and their partners have successfully undergone treatment and reconsider their lifestyle in order to exclude persistent infections.
Step 9. Repeat the treatment after 9-10 days if lice are found again
Step 10. Visit your doctor and ask to be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Method 3 of 3: Special Treatment for Eyebrows and Eyelashes
Step 1. If you find only a few live lice and nits, try removing them with your fingernails or a lice comb
Step 2. If additional treatment is required to get rid of lice or nits on the eyelashes, gently applying petroleum jelly for the eyes (prescription only) to the edges of the eyelids 2-4 times a day for 10 days can help
Do not use regular petroleum jelly as it can irritate your eyes.
Dogs, cats and other pets are not considered to carry human lice
- Using a condom does not protect a person from infestation by crabs.
- Patients infected with pubic lice should be screened for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
- Pubic lice found on a child's head or eyelashes can be a sign of sexual abuse or abuse.