Fatty liver is diagnosed if the patient's liver consists of 5-10% fat. This disease can be alcoholic or non-alcoholic in nature, but in any case, it causes great harm to health if not dealt with. Fortunately, fatty liver disease is a reversible condition.
Method 1 of 3: Part One: Diet and Lifestyle
Step 1. Lose weight
If you have fatty liver disease and are overweight or obese, consistent weight loss can help improve liver health as well.
- The key advice is to lose weight gradually. The allowable value is 450-900 grams per week. Large values can lead to complications.
- Studies show that a weight loss of at least 9% over a period of several months restores the liver to normal. A lower percentage of body weight loss will not have this effect, but it will help reduce current and prevent future fatty deposits in the liver.
- Lose weight by eating a healthy diet and staying physically active. Stay away from dietary supplements and trendy diets.
Step 2. Go in for sports
Physical activity helps to reduce excess weight and maintain a healthy person. Exercise also improves blood circulation, which evenly distributes fat in the body and burns excess carbohydrates, converting them into energy instead of excess body fat.
- Moderate or light exercise is still better than nothing. If you are not used to physical activity, start by walking for 30 minutes 3-5 times a week. Gradually increase the number of walks until you are walking every day.
- Cardio is exercises that make your heart beat faster. These include hiking, cycling, swimming. They are preferable to strength training aimed at building muscles.
Step 3. Limit your intake of sugar and simple carbohydrates
Insulin is a fat storage hormone, so you need to lower your blood insulin levels if you want to get rid of fatty deposits in your liver. Simple and refined carbohydrates increase insulin levels in the body, so avoid them.
- The body quickly metabolizes simple carbohydrates, and as a result, your blood sugar spikes after consuming them. Complex carbohydrates have a healthier effect because they take longer to be absorbed and do not cause such a surge in insulin.
- In particular, simple carbohydrates are foods made from white flour and high in sugar. Avoid these foods, and also limit carbohydrates in your diet as much as possible, even from whole grains.
- Limit your consumption of baked goods, pasta, rice, cereals, and flour snacks.
Step 4. Eat more vegetables
Vegetables contain lower amounts of healthy complex carbohydrates than grains, so they don't have much of an effect on sugar and insulin levels. They can even help remove fat from the liver and restore organ function.
- You can eat raw or boiled vegetables, but do not add salad dressings to them, as these may contain unsaturated fats.
- For added health benefits, drink 2-3 glasses of raw vegetable juice per week. The glass should contain 250-300 ml of juice from 90-95% vegetables. The remaining 10-15% is fruit or artificial sweeteners.
- Fresh fruits can also help cleanse the liver, but be careful when consuming them, as they are high in fructose, which can trigger an insulin spike.
Step 5. Eat more protein
Protein does not affect blood sugar or insulin production. What's more, they help keep blood sugar levels stable. Protein also reduces hunger, which allows you to eat less and lose weight.
Try to get your protein from healthy sources, including eggs, poultry, lean meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, legumes, and low-fat dairy products
Step 6. Consume saturated fat
You may think that a low fat diet will help you fight fatty liver, but this is only partially true. You can't eat fast foods like fries or pizza, but you need to include healthy saturated fatty acids in your diet so that your body gets all the nutrients it needs.
These saturated fats are found in seafood, olive oil, nut oil, nut butter, nuts, seeds, and eggs
Step 7. Give up alcohol
Alcohol is the main cause of fatty hepatosis. Even if you have fatty liver that is not due to excess alcohol, you should still limit your intake or even cut it out altogether.
- Alcohol causes heartburn and damages the liver. As a result, it weakens, cannot fight fat cells, and they begin to replace healthy liver cells.
- An unconventional study by the University of California-San Diego Medical School shows that one glass of wine a day promotes the removal of fat from the liver in non-alcoholic obesity. And it reduces the risk of liver disorders by about half. But this only applies to wine and not to all types of alcohol. Beer and other beverages only increase the risk of further damage to liver cells.
Step 8. Give up unnecessary medications
Your liver is a filter for the entire body. While some medications do not harm the liver, most others can weaken or even damage liver cells. Avoiding these drugs will help fight fatty liver disease.
Known drugs that have negative effects on the liver include analgesics (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen), antibiotics, digestive tract drugs, contraceptives, hormones, anti-cancer, anti-tuberculosis, antiepileptic and antipsychopathic drugs
Method 2 of 3: Part Two: Natural Supplements
Step 1. Take Vitamin E
Provide yourself with 800 IU of vitamin E daily.
Research by the Virginia Medical University has shown that vitamin E lowers the levels of enzymes that ultimately lead to fatty liver. It also aids in the healing of liver scars
Step 2. Take fish oil
Drink 1,000 mg of an Omega-3 fatty acid supplement every day. These fatty acids are found in fish oil capsules.
The British Medical Journal has published data showing that this amount of Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the serum marker, which has been identified with damaged liver cells. Also, such a dose can lower the level of triglyceride and glucose in the body, thereby reducing the overall risk of developing fatty hepatosis
Step 3. Experiment with milk thistle (or milk thistle)
Take your daily dose of milk thistle supplements or make a tea with it. You can also add 10 drops of its extract directly to a glass of water.
Silymarin, found in milk thistle, is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. Some studies show that it restores liver cell function by reducing the harmful effects of cytokines from inflamed areas of the liver. As a result, the liver regenerates faster and fat is removed from it
Step 4. Use the power of green tea
Drink 1-3 cups of green tea a day. It won't bother you, but it will replace 300 mg of green tea nutritional supplement for your body.
- More specifically, you can find green tea extract supplements containing catechins derived from decaffeinated green tea.
- Some studies show that green tea and its catechins reduce the absorption of fat in the gastrointestinal tract and its storage in the body. It also accelerates the oxidation of fatty acids, thereby helping the body break down fat for energy.
Step 5. Try probiotics
Take one probiotic capsule daily. For a more natural process, you can get probiotics from food that contains beneficial microflora or yeast. Yogurt, for example, contains many probiotics.
While there is still no definitive conclusion, some research suggests that consuming good bacteria can counterbalance the negative effects of an unbalanced and unhealthy diet. Since fatty liver has been linked to poor diet, probiotics can help fight this liver disorder
Method 3 of 3: Part Three: Medical Treatment
Step 1. Ask your doctor about diabetes medications
Liver obesity is often associated with diabetes, and early research suggests that certain diabetes medications may also help with fatty liver disease. In general, look towards metformin, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone.
- Metmorphine is an oral diabetic medicine that controls blood sugar levels.
- Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone increase the sensitivity of body cells to insulin produced by the body itself. As a result, the body begins to produce less insulin and blood sugar levels drop.
Step 2. Study the information about orlistat
This drug is commonly used for weight loss, but it is also used in the treatment of fatty liver. It blocks the absorption of certain fats from food, and as a result, less fat is absorbed by the body and deposited in the liver.
Step 3. Visit your doctor and have regular check-ups
In general, you should see a doctor who specializes in liver disease. Together with it, you can determine which type of treatment is best for you and what is best for you to avoid.
Step 4. Treatment must be medically appropriate
Non-alcoholic obesity of the liver is most often accompanied by other problems associated with blood insulin levels and general obesity. Check with your doctor if you have similar risks.
Disorders commonly associated with fatty liver are diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol
- The tips offered in this article should only be used as a first step. Before using any of the described treatments, consult your doctor. Always develop a treatment plan with your doctor.
- Don't rely on unconventional treatments. Data on the efficacy of various vitamins and nutritional supplements are still limited, as well as data on the effects of diabetes medications and other similar medications.
- If your liver cell damage has gone too far, you won't be able to reverse the obesity process. The liver will cease to function, and the only solution is to remove part of the organ or complete transplantation.