A uterine fibroid is a benign tumor on the walls of the uterus. Myoma of the uterus is recorded in 20-80% of women aged 30-50 years. Women at risk are wondering how to prevent uterine fibroids. There is no exact reason for the appearance of this neoplasm, just like there are no methods by which this process can be prevented. However, specialists were able to identify some risk factors, develop appropriate treatment methods and identify factors that can be used to prevent fibroids.
Step 1. Learn about the most significant risk factors for developing uterine fibroids
- The risk of developing uterine fibroids increases as a woman gets older.
- If uterine fibroids are a family disease, then the risk increases almost threefold.
- Overweight women are more likely to develop fibroids.
Step 2. Train regularly
Research shows that the more a woman exercises, the less likely she is to develop uterine fibroids.
Step 3. Control your weight
Research also shows that obesity increases your risk by a factor of two to three. Keep your weight at the recommended level (based on height and body type). Calculate your body mass index (BMI): Divide your weight (in kilograms) by your height squared (in meters). Your BMI is normal if you get a number between 18.5 and 25. If your BMI is above 25, then you should consider losing a few pounds.
Step 4. Pregnancy and childbirth have a protective effect against the development of uterine fibroids
Step 5. Reduce the risk of developing uterine fibroids and oral contraceptives
Step 6. Reduce your intake of red meat
Research shows that consuming large amounts of beef and ham may increase the risk of uterine fibroids.
Fish (varieties such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna), on the other hand, can reduce inflammation
Step 7. Eat green vegetables
Research shows that a diet high in green vegetables can protect a woman from developing fibroids.
Step 8. The growth of uterine fibroids can provoke a number of complications
The most significant complications are the following: heavy and painful menstruation, anemia due to large blood loss, pressure on the bladder and rectum, and bloating. In a pregnant woman, fibroids can block the fallopian tubes, cause miscarriage, cause premature birth, rupture of the placenta, and abnormal fetal position.
- Fibroids tend to shrink after menopause.
- Fibroids can be removed surgically, but this method is not effective, since most often the fibroids return. The only way to get rid of fibroids is a hysterectomy operation, that is, removal of the uterus, but such an operation is unsafe, since it has a number of complications, and long-term side effects are also possible.
- Oral contraceptives, if taken from an early age, are ineffective in preventing fibroids.