How to deal with vomiting at home

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How to deal with vomiting at home
How to deal with vomiting at home
Anonim

With vomiting, the contents of the stomach are forcibly and involuntarily pushed out. Usually vomiting is preceded by nausea. Vomiting can be caused by many reasons, such as illness, pregnancy, motion sickness in transport, food poisoning, gastroenteritis (stomach flu), alcohol abuse, and migraine. Certain medications can also lead to nausea and vomiting. In many cases, vomiting can be managed on your own, but you should see your doctor if your condition does not improve or if you find some warning signs.

Attention: the information in this article is for informational purposes only. Before using any methods, consult your doctor

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Self-healing

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 1
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 1

Step 1. Hold your head

When vomiting occurs, the head may twitch involuntarily. Try to hold it so as not to stretch your neck muscles or bump into anything.

If you have long hair, pull it back together to prevent vomit from ruining your hairstyle

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 2
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 2

Step 2. Sit or lie down, leaning against something

You can sit on the sofa, leaning back on the pillows. Moving or lying on a flat surface can make your condition worse.

  • If you are bedridden, lie on your side to avoid choking on vomit.
  • Lying on a level surface with your head level with your feet also increases the risk of suffocation from vomit.
  • Do not lie down after a meal, as this can make your nausea worse.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 3
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 3

Step 3. Drink liquid

Vomiting quickly leads to dehydration. However, absorbing too much liquid too quickly can cause another attack of vomiting. Drink slowly and in small sips. Aim for about 30 ml (½ small cup) of liquid every 20 minutes.

  • Sucking on ice shavings and popsicles also helps keep you hydrated. The ice melts rather slowly, which can help reduce nausea.
  • Try lemon water, ginger tea, or mint tea.
  • Clear, clear liquids such as light broth, apple juice, and sports drinks are generally helpful.
  • If vomiting lasts for a while, it can lead to electrolyte imbalances in the body. To restore balance, drink an oral rehydration solution or a sports drink that contains the necessary electrolytes.
  • Avoid milk, alcohol, caffeinated drinks, soda, and most fruit juices. Milk will increase nausea. Alcohol and caffeine can lead to dehydration. Carbonated drinks can make nausea worse. Many fruit juices, such as orange and grapefruit juices, are high in acid, which can trigger further vomiting.
  • Eat foods that contain a lot of water, such as watermelons. This will help you fight dehydration.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 4
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 4

Step 4. Eat small meals

Too much food can cause nausea and vomiting. Try to have small snacks throughout the day, instead of eating infrequently and in large quantities.

  • Eat non-stomach foods such as crackers, toast, potatoes, and rice. Bananas and applesauce are also good. These foods are easily digested by the stomach. To get enough protein, you can also eat baked chicken or fish, but do not add seasonings or spices to them.
  • Avoid fatty and spicy foods such as sausage, fast food, potato chips. Fried and overly sweet foods are also not beneficial.
  • Don't eat dairy products. Vomiting can lead to lactose intolerance, even if you have never had a problem with dairy products before.
  • Eat slowly. Don't force yourself to eat too much at one time. Stomach oversaturation can aggravate nausea and cause vomiting.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 5
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 5

Step 5. Avoid circumstances that induce vomiting

Vomiting can be triggered by certain factors, especially if you are sensitive to the smells around you.

  • The smell of greasy food can trigger nausea.
  • If the smell of cooking food is adversely affecting you, ask someone else to cook the food. This often happens in the early stages of pregnancy.
  • For some people, strong odors such as tobacco smoke or perfume can trigger nausea and vomiting.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 6
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 6

Step 6. Get some fresh air

When treating vomiting, doctors often prescribe oxygen therapy. This type of therapy is usually not available at home. However, sitting near an open window or taking a short walk in the fresh air can help reduce nausea and the urge to vomit.

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 7
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 7

Step 7. Know when to see a doctor

Nausea and vomiting can be caused by a variety of reasons. In some cases, you can get rid of them yourself, at home. However, if you are unable to drink or eat for 12 hours or longer, or the nausea and vomiting continues for 48 hours, you should see your doctor. Get immediate medical attention if nausea and vomiting are accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

  • severe abdominal pain, pinching OR sharp chest pain;
  • blurry or double image of surrounding objects;
  • fainting before or after bouts of vomiting;
  • clouding of consciousness;
  • cold, damp, and pale skin;
  • heat;
  • numbness of the neck muscles and the back of the head;
  • acute pain, headaches;
  • signs of dehydration (intense thirst, weakness, dry mouth);
  • vomit is green, resembles coffee grounds, or contains blood;
  • vomit contains feces;
  • vomiting began after a head injury.

Method 2 of 3: Other Ways to Treat Nausea and Vomiting

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 8
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 8

Step 1. Try to breathe deeply

Deep breathing helps to saturate your body with much-needed oxygen. In addition to increased ventilation, doctors also recommend deep belly breathing to reduce nausea.

  • Place your palm in the middle of your belly. Place the other palm on your chest.
  • Inhale through your nose as usual. You will feel that your palm on your stomach is lifted more than on your chest. This will fill the bottom of the chest and abdomen with air.
  • Exhale slowly through your mouth.
  • Take a slow, deep breath again through your nose. Inhale the air as deeply as possible, filling your lungs with it.
  • Exhale through your mouth again.
  • Repeat inhaling and exhaling at least four more times.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 9
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 9

Step 2. Consider aromatherapy

Aromatherapy is the inhalation of aromas of plant extracts and other substances. Apply 1–2 drops of the extract to a gauze bandage and inhale the scent by bringing it up to your nose. Scientific studies have shown that the following substances and essential oils can help with nausea and vomiting:

  • Peppermint oil. This essential oil helps to alleviate the feeling of nausea.
  • Ginger extract. The smell of ginger helps to normalize the stomach and prevent vomiting.
  • Isopropyl alcohol. This alcohol can reduce vomiting when inhaled in very small quantities.
  • Do not use more than 1-2 drops! Large amounts, like inhaling too deeply, can cause nasal upset.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 10
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 10

Step 3. Use ginger

The root of this plant can help relieve nausea and vomiting by inhalation or ingestion. It is available both fresh and in powder, tablet or tea form.

  • You may feel better after drinking ginger ale, but pure ginger or its preparations are more effective than this drink. Most brands of ginger ale contain much less of this root than natural ginger. The gas in ale can also make nausea worse.
  • Prepare ginger tea or tea. There are many recipes, but the simplest one is to grate about 100 grams (one fairly large scion) of fresh ginger root. Then add ½ teaspoon of ground ginger to 200–250 milliliters of hot water. Let the solution sit for 5-10 minutes. Add some honey if desired. Lightly sweetened drinks can help relieve indigestion.
  • The maximum daily intake of ginger is 4 grams (approximately ¾ teaspoon).
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women can also drink ginger tea, however, in this case, the daily dose should not exceed 1 gram.
  • Ginger can interact with some anticoagulant medications. If you are taking anticoagulants, check with your doctor before using ginger.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 11
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 11

Step 4. Try other herbal remedies

For nausea and vomiting, it is also recommended to take cloves, cardamom extract, caraway seeds, Baikal skullcap root extract. However, these funds have not passed sufficient clinical trials. Taking them can either improve your condition or not lead to noticeable changes.

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 12
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 12

Step 5. Try acupressure

Unlike acu puncture, which requires the use of needles and professional training, mild acu pressurization can be done at home. Stimulating the P6 acupuncture point, located on the inner side of the forearm, can prevent nausea and vomiting. When this point is stimulated, signals are sent to the spinal cord and brain that initiate the release of substances into the blood that reduce nausea and vomiting.

  • Locate the P6 point, also known as the Nei-guan point. Stretch your hand, palm up, with your fingers relaxed.
  • Place three fingers of your other hand horizontally on your wrist. Place your thumb just below your index finger. There are two large tendons in this area of the wrist.
  • Press on this point for 2-3 minutes, making circular motions.
  • Repeat with the other wrist.
  • You can also use an acupressure device such as the Sea-band® or ReliefBand®.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 13
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 13

Step 6. Take over-the-counter medications

Bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate) is helpful for vomiting caused by food poisoning or overeating.

  • Sometimes antihistamines such as meclosine and dimensionhydrinate help vomit. They are especially effective in treating nausea caused by travel sickness. Be aware that these drugs may cause drowsiness.
  • When taking medication, observe the recommended dose.

Method 3 of 3: Treating Vomiting in Children

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 14
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 14

Step 1. Know how to recognize "regurgitation"

Spitting up in newborns is different from normal vomiting. Babies often regurgitate small amounts of milk or other foods. Usually, regurgitation occurs shortly after feeding, does not last long, and is not a cause for concern.

Vomiting in infants can be a sign of a serious disorder, such as a bowel obstruction. If your child has severe, recurring bouts of vomiting, contact your pediatrician immediately

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 15
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 15

Step 2. Make sure that the child's body is not dehydrated

Dehydration is especially dangerous in childhood. In children, electrolyte solutions are consumed faster than in adults. Use oral rehydration solution to stay hydrated.

  • Use a standard solution such as Rehydron. You can make a rehydration solution yourself, but due to the high probability of error, pediatricians recommend using pharmacy products.
  • Make sure your child drinks slowly. Give him 1-2 teaspoons (5-10 ml) of the solution every 5-10 minutes.
  • Do not give fruit juices, baking soda, or plain water to your child. They are not effective enough to restore water balance and do not restore the body's electrolyte supply.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 16
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 16

Step 3. Offer your child a small amount of food

Avoid giving solid food for the first 24 hours after you start vomiting. As soon as vomiting stops, give the child softened food, such as jelly, mashed potatoes, broth, rice, bananas. Do not insist on eating if the child is not hungry.

  • Avoid foods high in fiber and sugar.
  • Breastfeeding helps to restore the baby's water balance and provides the baby with sufficient nutrients.
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 17
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 17

Step 4. It is necessary for the child to lie on its side

Lying on their backs, small children can choke on vomit, so make sure that the child lies on its side.

Older children can be placed on a pillow with the upper half of their body propped up

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 18
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 18

Step 5. Do not use medications

Young children should not be given over-the-counter drugs, such as bismuth subsalicylate, or antihistamines, as they can lead to serious illness if used incorrectly.

Talk to your pediatrician about what medications you can give your child

Treat Vomiting at Home Step 19
Treat Vomiting at Home Step 19

Step 6. Know when to see a doctor

If the liquid drunk does not remain in the child's body or his condition worsens, contact the pediatrician immediately. You should also see your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • there is blood in the vomit;
  • vomit is green or bright yellow;
  • the child's body is dehydrated;
  • fecal matter is resinous, black in color.

Advice

  • Eat small meals throughout the day. Even a couple of crackers or toast can help keep your stomach going.
  • Avoid foods that are fatty, spicy, or heavy on the stomach.
  • Don't drink too much water until your stomach is able to absorb it. Excessive fluid intake can only worsen vomiting and lead to severe dehydration. Drink in small doses, but often (for example, every 20 minutes).
  • Do not give your child sweets, soda, or fatty foods, or it will only get worse.
  • Sucking on mints can help keep your stomach healthy.

Warnings

  • If vomiting persists for 12 hours or more, see your doctor.
  • If you find at least one of the symptoms listed in the first method, see your doctor as soon as possible.

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