A curly rose can decorate any surface, whether it be a vertical wall or a horizontal panel. From a formal point of view, the climbing rose does not belong to a separate species. This concept includes any variety of roses that grow to large, spreading bushes. Climbing roses are large shrubs that, when left to themselves, grow in all directions, but you can streamline their growth and give it the right direction by attaching the plants to the trellis.
Method 1 of 2: Planting a rose
Step 1. Plant the rose in the spring
Planting a climbing rose early will help develop a strong root system before winter comes. In principle, you can plant it at the beginning of autumn, but in this case the plant will be less resistant in the next season.
Step 2. Choose a suitable location
Roses tend to like bright sunlight, so plant them in a spot with at least 6 hours of sunshine a day. Usually morning sunlight on the east side is more favorable than hot afternoon sun.
- Choose a spacious place. Climbing roses tend to grab more space, so they should be planted away from trees, shrubs and other plants.
- The soil near walls and fences is usually drier and of lower quality. If you plan to plant a rose within 30 centimeters (1 foot) of a wall or fence, replace the soil with a one-to-one mixture of high quality soil and rotted compost or manure.
Step 3. Replace the soil if roses have previously grown on it
Roses are susceptible to "transplant disease" - they can wither and die when transplanted into soil in which another rose bush previously grew. Remove the top 15 centimeters (6 inches) of soil and replace it with soil from another location in your garden. For best results, fertilize the soil generously with compost and let it sit for 2-3 weeks.
The removed soil can be used to grow other plants
Step 4. Add additives to the soil
Roses prefer light, well-drained and fertilized soil. Loosen the soil in the flower pot with a scoop, adding a few handfuls of compost to it. The proportion of compost should be ⅓ - ½ of the total amount of soil.
Skip this step if you have already replaced the primer earlier
Step 5. Prepare the exposed roots of the rose
Climbing roses are often planted as bare roots, stripped of soil. Soak the roots in a bucket of warm water about an hour before planting. Remove all shoots and leaves from the stem and trim long and damaged root branches.
Disinfect the clippers before pruning to avoid infecting the plant
Step 6. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the roots
The hole should be about twice as wide as the root itself. Typically, this means that it will be about 45 centimeters (18 inches) wide and 30 centimeters (12 inches) deep.
Step 7. Make a small mound in the middle of the hole
Loosen the soil inside the hole by creating a slight bump or mound.
Some gardeners sprinkle the bottom of the hole with fertilizer, bone meal, or other nutrients. Do not use fertilizers when planting young roots so as not to burn them. Other ways to improve the soil depend on the soil type
Step 8. Plant the rose bush in the hole
Place the plant on a tubercle in the hole and gently arrange the roots around it. If the rose bush has a ball of roots, spread the ends of the roots protruding from the ball around. Check the location of the root node - the place where the root system connects to the stem of the plant. To do this, put the handle of the tool (scoop, shovel) on the edge of the hole so that it touches the trunk of the plant:
- If the soil is heavy and clayey, place the root node about 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) above the ground (tool handle) so that it does not start to rot. If necessary, change the height of the tubercle at the bottom of the fossa.
- If the soil is light and loamy, place the root node underground, 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) below the ground (tool handle).
Step 9. Water the seedling well
Fill the hole with water to the brim and wait for it to soak into the ground. Observe the water level. Move on to the next step as soon as you see that the water has been absorbed into the soil to prevent the roots from drying out.
Step 10. Fill the hole with earth
Fill the soil back into the hole, completely covering the roots and leveling the soil. Lightly tamp the ground with your hands. Do not tamp the soil with your feet or tools, as too dense soil can damage the roots of the plant and slow down its growth.
- Take proper care of the compaction of the soil. Make sure there are no air voids around the roots.
- Make sure that the crown of the plant protrudes above the ground. The crown is the place on the stem from which the side branches grow.
Method 2 of 2: How to make a rose curl
Step 1. Choose the correct support
Climbing roses tend to grow large and branchy, so more than one pillar will be needed to support the plant. You can use a trellis for roses or different types of trellises, as described in the following steps. Alternatively, you can get by with the existing constructs:
- An open gazebo, arch or pavilion can be used as a support.
- Roses can grow along walls or fences, but in this case, insufficient air circulation sometimes interferes with their growth, so it is recommended to install a trellis or horizontal wire mesh near the wall.
- You can use a tree as a support, but the rose will not be able to cling to it on its own. Tie a sturdy string of twine around the lower branch of the tree, lowering the end to the rose.
Step 2. Place the trellis in the ground
Place it about 15-30 centimeters (6-12 inches) from the roses. If roses grow near a wall or fence, do not place the trellis close to them. Leave at least 7.5 centimeters (3 inches) between the trellis and the wall to avoid restricting air circulation.
Step 3. Anchor the trellis in the ground
Typically, it is sufficient to simply press it into the ground with your foot about 10 centimeters (4 inches). If the soil is too hard, dig holes where the trellis feet will be. Holding the trellis firmly in place, pour the earth back into the holes.
Step 4. Attach the branches of the rose to the trellis
The small branches on which the flowers grow are called vines. Attach the vines to the trellis so that the rose bush grows upward along the trellis. Choose the sturdiest stems and tie them loosely to the trellis with an elastic fabric such as nylon or pantyhose. Try to keep the stems evenly spread over the trellis.
Step 5. Do not prune climbing roses for several years after planting
Cut only dead branches and leave the rest unaffected for two or three years. After that, you can start pruning two to three side shoots each winter when the plant is dormant.
- If you are planting a rose from a pot and cannot remove it from there, disinfect the knife and cut off the roots that are attached to the sides of the pot with it.
- Along walls and trellises, plants can be planted 1 meter (3 feet) apart; if you are planting roses along the fence, leave 2, 4 to 4 meters (8-12 feet) between them.
- The best varieties of roses used as climbing roses include "New Dawn", "Sombray", "Altissimo", "Dublin Bay", "Jeanne Lajua". They differ in size, appearance and frost resistance. Before buying seedlings, study the characteristics of different varieties or consult with the workers of the nearest greenhouse.