Spiral curls are ideal for people with long hair. Spiral curls usually produce tight, full curls, although you can adjust the width of the curl. You can do a spiral perm at home, but be aware that the procedure is time consuming and difficult to master.
Method 1 of 4: Preparing your hair
Step 1. Gently wash your hair
Wash your hair thoroughly just before curling. You need to cleanse your hair of grease and dirt, but don't be too diligent.
- Avoid rubbing your scalp, as this forces the sebaceous glands to work harder on your skin.
- A deep cleansing shampoo may be a good idea at this stage, as it will thoroughly wash the oil out of your hair without causing scalp irritation.
- If your hair is dry initially, avoid using shampoo containing alcohol or other ingredients that can dry out your hair. The curling process in itself dries out the hair quite seriously, and additional drying can lead to permanent damage.
Step 2. Blot off excess water
Gently wipe off excess water with a clean, dry cloth.
- You just have to remove the water. Do not dry your head with a towel.
- Do not blow dry your hair.
- Your hair must remain damp if you want the spiral curl to work.
Step 3. Comb the plexuses and knots
Use a wide-toothed comb to gently comb through large tangles and knots in wet hair.
A wide comb is better than a small comb, as small combs are more likely to cause breakage and damage, especially when used on damp hair
Step 4. Protect your clothing
You should put a towel over your shoulders to prevent any chemicals from getting on your clothes.
- If you have a hairdressing gown, wear it as it will protect your clothes well.
- Protect your face by applying a small amount of petroleum jelly to the top of your forehead, just below and around the front hairline. Try not to smear Vaseline on your hair.
Method 2 of 4: Curling curls
Step 1. Take a section of hair
Secure most of your hair at the top of your head, and then comb off a section of hair at the back of your head (neckline) about 1/2 inch (1.25 cm) wide.
- The standard strand thickness is 1/2 inch (1.25 cm), but to be more precise, you just need to separate a strand of hair that can sit comfortably at the end of the curler.
- Also note that the size of the strand will change the size of your curl.
- All other strands should be about the same size.
Step 2. Cover the end of the strand with paper
Fold the paper wrapper in half lengthwise and place the end of the strand in the middle.
- Make sure the perm paper wrap goes all the way to the end of the strand of hair, completely covering the ends of your hair. The wrap may even go a little further than the ends of your hair. This can help ensure that the ends of your hair are wrapped properly.
- When the ends of a strand are not folded correctly, your hair may frizzy or you may have "fishhooks" at the end of each curl.
Step 3. Tuck the end of the strand into the bobbin
Hold one coiled bobbin directly under the end of the strand and above the curling wrap. Wind the strand all the way around the bobbin towards your head.
- The bobbin should be almost perpendicular to the strand of hair.
- You should wind this section of hair near one end of the bobbin.
- Note that spiral curling bobbins are generally long, thin, flexible rods. Some of the newer types are stiffer, but already bent into the final spiral shape.
Step 4. Roll up the rest of the strand
Wrap the rest of your hair around the bobbin, winding it along the shaft.
- You need to wrap your bobbin hair at an angle. The top of the bobbin should tilt towards the head, while the bottom or beginning of the end should be tilted slightly to the side.
- Gradually curl your hair and bobbin while wrapping the curl. By the time you get to the head, the bobbin should be in an almost upright position against the scalp.
- Each turn around the bobbin should only partially overlap the previous curl.
Step 5. Secure the bobbin
Once you've wrapped the entire curl and positioned the bobbin at the back of your head, fold the blank portion of the bobbin downward so it looks like a "U" or candy cane.
The hair on the scalp should be slightly bent
Step 6. Repeat if necessary
Continue to part your hair into 1/2 inch (1.25cm) curls (or curls the size of your first curl). Cover the end of each curl with a curling wrap, then use a bobbin to curl the curl.
- Work from the bottom of the hairline to the top. By working in this direction, you will give the bobbins a place to hang from their heads.
- Wrap each separated curl one at a time.
- The curls you create don't have to be uniform. Often, the curls are divided into segments, square, triangular, free-form segments, or as a mixture of two or more shapes. By separating your hair this way, you will avoid bobbin marks.
- As you wrap the different curls of your hair, you should have noticed that one curl partially overlaps the previous one.
- If your hair begins to dry out during wrapping, spray it generously with water until it is damp again.
Step 7. Apply curler to each bobbin
If the curling solution is not pre-mixed, mix according to the manufacturer's instructions inside a flexible pointed bottle. Squeeze the solution over the wrapped curl of each bobbin.
Make sure the hair on each bobbin is completely saturated with the curling solution
Step 8. Treat your hair
Place one or two plastic shower caps over curled hair. Let your hair be lightly heated for the time specified by the manufacturer of the chemical solution.
- Typically, the processing time will be around 20 minutes.
- Use as many plastic shower caps as needed to cover your hair without breaking the bobbins. The plastic will help keep your hair warm.
- A hairdryer is ideal for blow-drying your hair, but if you don't have access to one, you can blow-dry your hair on the low temperature of a pocket hair dryer. Keep the hair dryer at arm's length from your head. If your hand gets tired, dry for three minutes at five-minute intervals rather than keeping your head warm all the time.
Method 3 of 4: Remove the packaging
Step 1. Rinse your hair
After treating your hair, rinse it for five to eight minutes under light warm or lukewarm water.
- Do not remove the bobbins yet.
- The point is to apply as much of the solution as possible. You will not be able to rinse out all of the solution at this stage.
- Rinse the root of each curl and gradually work through to the end of the bobbin.
- If your hair is still damp, let it dry on mild heat for another five minutes before continuing.
Step 2. Apply a neutralizer
Prepare neutralizer solution, if not already premixed, and place this solution in another flexible pointed bottle. Squeeze neutralizer over each bobbin and thoroughly saturate each strand from root to tip.
Read the manufacturer's instructions for the neutralizer. Some should be kept under mild heat for five minutes or so. Others shouldn't
Step 3. Remove the bobbins
Carefully remove each bobbin from your hair, working the exact opposite of what you did in the beginning. Remove the bobbins slowly and carefully to prevent hair from tangling.
- Start at the top of your head and work your way down to your neck.
- Peel back each bobbin, then loosen your hair gradually until the bobbin slips off.
- Remove the wrap from the end of each curl as soon as you remove the bobbin.
Step 4. Rinse again
Rinse hair thoroughly to remove excess neutralizer and perm solution.
- Do not use shampoo to rinse your hair.
- If the manufacturer recommends, you can also apply a leave-in conditioner. However, if this is not recommended, do not use conditioner.
Step 5. Let your hair dry naturally
Let your hair dry completely. This can take several hours depending on the length of your hair.
- Do not dry with heat.
- Do not stretch your hair while drying.
- You may need to gently detangle your hair with a wide-toothed comb while it dries, especially after the hair is almost dry and only slightly damp.
Method 4 of 4: Grooming with spiral curls
Step 1. Don't wash your hair too soon
You should wait at least 48 hours before shampooing or conditioning your hair, unless otherwise stated in your home curling kit.
If you wash your hair too soon, you can loosen the waves and even straighten them. …
Step 2. Choose a gentle moisturizer for your hair
Perms dry out your hair, even if you use a milder formula. As a result, you should wash your hair with a gentle moisturizing shampoo and conditioner at least once a week.
Do not use shampoo or other hair care product that contains alcohol. Alcohol is one of the most drying hair damaging products you can apply to your hair, especially after curling
Step 3. Let your hair air dry after dampening it
Dry your hair gently after each wash to prevent perm from decaying.
If you don't have time to let your hair air dry, attach a diffuser to the end of your hair dryer and dry your hair over low heat. By doing this, you will prevent curls from straightening
Step 4. Enjoy curling
At this point, your spiral curl is ready and should continue for many months.
- Spiral curls can be done on hair of any length, but they tend to work best with longer hair.
- Consider a spiral perm done by a professional hairdresser rather than doing it at home, especially if you're nervous or uncomfortable doing it yourself.
- Always follow the directions on the back of your home curling kit.
- If you have scalp wounds, wait for them to heal before using a curling solution or any other chemical.
- If your hair is colored, brittle, or otherwise dry in places, you should avoid curling without first consulting a hairdresser. A professional hairdresser should be able to tell you if it is safe to perm your hair.